The recent passage of Senate Bill 175 (the Stand Your Ground Law) by Ohio Governor Mike DeWine goes in to effect this April, 2021. With this date nearing, many Ohioans aren’t quite sure what to expect from the law or what it entails. In this post, I will include the facts about this law and what it means for your family. This is not an opinion post on gun laws, just a piece of information to spread awareness of the law. All Americans have the right to bear arms. With that right, there is a responsibility to understand current legislation regarding guns and current gun laws.
Ohio is the 36th state in the nation to pass the stand your ground law. Before this April, Ohio maintained Castle laws, which states deadly force can not be used and there is a duty to retreat unless it is self-defense within your home. The stand your ground law removes the duty to retreat, and furthermore, grants the right to use deadly force outside of your home, anywhere you are allowed to be legally, so long as you are not the aggressor. It also states you must believe you are in imminent danger of death or bodily harm.
Does this mean that two people involved in a verbal dispute over road rage can just start firing bullets? Many believe stand your ground laws mean getting away with a false self-defense plea. However, current self-defense laws state you can only use the degree of force being used against you. This means verbal confrontations and arguments are not grounds for deadly force. There has to be proof of imminent danger, death, or bodily harm to be considered self-defense.
Keep in mind, in order to carry a gun outside of the home, it must be visible unless you have obtained a current concealed carry license. For more information on Ohio gun laws and the transport of guns go to http://www.codes.ohio.gov.